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Risk factors

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The main cause of periodontal (gum) disease is plaque, but other factors affect the health of your gums.

  • AGE
  • SMOKING/TOBACCO USE
  • GENETICS
  • STRESS
  • MEDICATIONS
  • CLENCHING OR GRINDING TEETH
  • OTHER SYSTEMIC DISEASES
  • POOR NUTRITION AND OBESITY

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Preventing periodontal disease

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Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is caused when bacteria in plaque (a sticky, colourless film that forms in the mouth) build up between the gums and teeth. When the bacteria begin to grow, the gums surrounding the tooth can become inflamed.