Dental implants

A dental implant is an artificial tooth root that is placed into the jaw to hold a replacement tooth or bridge. Dental implants is a smart option for people who have lost a tooth or teeth due to periodontal disease, an injury, or some other reason.

SINGLE TOOTH DENTAL IMPLANTS

When a tooth is missing, the ordinary way for replacing the tooth is a fixed bridge based on the adjacent teeth. With a bridge, some of the bone that previously surrounded the tooth begins to resorb .

A dental implant and a crown can replace a single missing tooth. It replaces both the lost natural tooth and its root. It provides several advantages over other tooth replacement options. In addition to looking and functioning like a natural tooth, a dental implant replaces a single tooth without sacrificing the health of neighboring teeth. The other common treatment for the loss of a single tooth, a tooth-supported fixed bridge, requires that adjacent teeth be ground down to support the cemented bridge. Because a dental implant will replace your tooth root, the bone is better preserved. Dental implants help to keep the bone healthy and intact.

In the long term, a single implant can be more esthetic and easier to keep clean than a bridge. Gums can recede around a bridge, leaving a visible defect when the metal base or collar of the bridge becomes exposed. Resorbed bone beneath the bridge can lead to an unattractive smile. And, the cement holding the bridge in place can wash out, allowing bacteria to decay the teeth that anchor the bridge.

MULTIPLE TOOTH IMPLANTS

If several teeth are missing, implant-supported bridges can replace them. Dental implants will replace both the lost natural teeth and some of the roots.

FULL MOUTH DENTAL IMPLANTS

If all teeth are missing, an implant-supported full bridge or full denture can replace them.

SINUS LIFT SURGERY

the quantity and quality of the bone where the implant is to be placed is the key to implant success. The upper back jaw has traditionally been one of the most difficult areas to successfully place dental implants due to insufficient bone quantity and quality and the close proximity to the sinus

Sinus lift surgery corrects this problem by raising the sinus floor and developing bone for the placement of dental implants. Depending on individual needs, the bone usually will be allowed to develop for about four to 12 months before implants can be placed. After the implants are placed, an additional healing period is required. In some cases, the implant can be placed at the same time the sinus is augmented.

RIDGE MODIFICATION

Periodontal disease, wearing dentures, developmental defects, injury or trauma can lead to inadequate bone in which to place dental implants. To correct the problem, the defect is filled with bone or bone substitute to build up the ridge. Depending on the individual needs, the bone usually is allowed to develop for about four to 12 months before implants can be placed.

Ridge modification greatly improves aesthetical appearance and increase the success rate of implants.

Risk factors

105938461-594x335

The main cause of periodontal (gum) disease is plaque, but other factors affect the health of your gums.

  • AGE
  • SMOKING/TOBACCO USE
  • GENETICS
  • STRESS
  • MEDICATIONS
  • CLENCHING OR GRINDING TEETH
  • OTHER SYSTEMIC DISEASES
  • POOR NUTRITION AND OBESITY

.

Preventing periodontal disease

brossage-dents

Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is caused when bacteria in plaque (a sticky, colourless film that forms in the mouth) build up between the gums and teeth. When the bacteria begin to grow, the gums surrounding the tooth can become inflamed.