Pocket reduction procedure

Over time, pockets become deeper, providing a larger space for bacteria to live. As bacteria develop around the teeth, they can accumulate and advance under the gum tissue. These deep pockets collect even more bacteria, resulting in further bone and tissue loss. Eventually, if too much bone is lost, the teeth will need to be extracted.

Reducing pocket depth and eliminating existing bacteria are important to prevent damage caused by the progression of periodontal disease and to help maintain a healthy smile. Eliminating bacteria alone may not be sufficient to prevent disease recurrence. Deeper pockets are more difficult to clean, so it is important to reduce them. Reduced pockets and a combination of daily oral hygiene and professional maintenance care increase chances of keeping natural teeth – and decrease the chance of serious health problems associated with periodontal disease.

Risk factors

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The main cause of periodontal (gum) disease is plaque, but other factors affect the health of your gums.

  • AGE
  • SMOKING/TOBACCO USE
  • GENETICS
  • STRESS
  • MEDICATIONS
  • CLENCHING OR GRINDING TEETH
  • OTHER SYSTEMIC DISEASES
  • POOR NUTRITION AND OBESITY

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Preventing periodontal disease

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Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is caused when bacteria in plaque (a sticky, colourless film that forms in the mouth) build up between the gums and teeth. When the bacteria begin to grow, the gums surrounding the tooth can become inflamed.